An estimated 22.5 million drug users in the US survey of 2014 have been diagnosed as needing treatment and only about 11.6% of the estimated number have so far undergone rehabilitation treatment, but the remaining have yet to seek treatment but have not made a major effort because of the following reasons: financial problems, a lack of insurance to cover for the treatment, or the inability to look for the appropriate treatment. Families and communities, as well as schools, must be given intensive information campaign on drug abuse and how to confirm the signs that show that someone is into a drug menace problem and needs help, to which the following are noticeable signs of a drug dependent – there is a withdrawn act of not going to work or school and not be performing his/her obligations; withdrawal from social activities or social relationships with one’s own circle of family, friends, co-workers, school mates; there is a continuous dependency on drug use causing more harm on the physical and psychological state that can even lead into abnormal actions and violence; making unsuccessful attempts to stop using drugs or withdrawing from it but appears to have the loss of control and can be violent; and breaking the withdrawal rules and experiencing a strong craving to use back the drugs.
The process of restoring a person who is into drug or alcohol dependency and abuse is referred to as rehabilitation and its goal is to restore as much as possible the drug dependent’s lost to physical, sensory, and mental capabilities and that a specifically designed treatment program will be outlined to tackle with the following issues: state of physical, as well as psychological condition, level of addiction, and health risks. The first step, before treatment ever begins, is known as the detox process, which is a must procedure that puts the drug dependent to go through the process of clearing the body of drug substance, often prescribing medications to treat withdrawal symptoms and, when in a treatment center, the facilities should provide a safe environment for achieving abstinence from drugs and stabilization of the drug dependent’s condition, prior to starting with the actual treatment program. After the detox process, the next treatment may vary according to the level of addiction of the patient, but, otherwise, the normal and general treatment involves the following: a combination of individual and group therapies, sessions with physician and facility caregiver, educational and support services, health leisure activities, relapse prevention therapy which is part of the aftercare program to serve as transition goals for the patient to be declared as outpatient, and when considered outpatient, a self-recovery program is facilitated.