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Some Basic Information about Septic Tanks Any home or business need the septic system to function well for our comfort but we seldom do not really have a clue on how this system operates. Septic tanks are categorized as low in maintenance system and yet once something will go wrong of it, we will face a tricky and expensive situation. This is why a basic knowledge is important for us to know so we can avoid future problems with our septic tanks. To start with, let us have an idea on what is a septic system. A septic system is a sewage treatment system that is small in scale and this is used in places that are not connected to any government or private firm sewage operation. Mostly used in homes and farms in rural areas, these septic systems are created since it is too costly in these areas to connect to sewage mains that are too far away. The septic system works by pumping waste water from different facilities like bathrooms, kitchens and laundry, into the effluent tanks, process the waste, and disperse it onto a septic drain field. A septic tank then is that necessary part of the septic system that holds 4000 to 7500 litres of wastewater. The septic tank is usually buried under the ground and it has a connection to an inlet pipe on one end where sewage will flow in, and a septic drain on the other end where filtered wastewater will flow out. The latest design of septic tanks feature two chambers separated from each other by a dividing wall with openings located in the middle between the bottom and top of the tank.
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The first chamber of the effluent tank receives the wastewater that enters it, then the solids settle to the bottom of the tank while the scum floats to the top. Some of these solids at the bottom will undergo decomposition and float into the water. From the first chamber, the liquid proceeds to the second chamber through the openings in the dividing wall, while the solids and scums are left in the first chamber. Settlement of liquid usually occurs in the second chamber, and through the settlement process, the liquid is almost clear here before being drained from the tank to the septic drain field or seepage field.
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What makes up a septic drain field are trenches that contain perforated pipes and some porous material like gravel. Layer of soil covers this field in order to avoid animals from contacting with wastewater. Meanwhile, the wastewater is dispersed through the perforated pipes, travels through the gravel, of which the process will further remove the impurities and contaminants. A septic system is usually run based on gravity, but if the condition is not permissible, you can introduce a pump to do the work.